Summary of I-49 Outer Roadway Conversion Phase 2 and 3


Contact Information

Organization: Grandview
Contact person: Jaclyn White
Title: City Engineer
Phone: 816-316-4857
Organization address: 1200 Main Street
  Grandview, MO    64030

General Information

G8.1 Project title: I-49 Outer Roadway Conversion Phase 2 and 3
G8.2 Project description: MoDOT and The City are currently working together to convert all of the I-49 frontage roads in the City of Grandview from one way traffic to two-way traffic. Phase 1 of the conversion will convert traffic from Harry Truman Drive to 135th Street. This project, Outer Roadway Conversion Phase 2 and Phase 3, will continue the efforts of the previous phase by building roadway, drainage and pedestrian improvements from 135th Street south to 155th St. to allow two way traffic. In these phases existing outer roadway slip ramps would be removed, signing and striping updated, storm water improvements added, 2.5 miles of sidewalks and new curb ramps installed, and two new interchanges onto I-49 would be built. These changes will benefit pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, freight movement, and will reverse and correct the damages to and the transportation isolation of an economically disadvantaged Community.
G8.3 Project contact: Jaclyn White, PE
City Engineer
City of Grandview, MO 64030
G1. Project Type: Road & Bridge - Roadway Operations
G2. Funding Stream: STP
G3. TIP Number:
G4. State: Missouri
G5. Project county: 1. Jackson
G6. Project municipality: 1. Grandview
G7. Multiple agencies / jurisdictions? Yes
City of Grandview and MoDOT
G8.4 Purpose and need: In 1980 MoDOT converted the frontage roads from two-way to one-way traffic due to safety concerns. Since that time property owners and citizens have been negatively affected by the lack of secondary access roads, an inadequate supporting roadway system, lack of pedestrian facilities, and related environmental factors that resulted from the conversion. I-49 severs the City’s east-west streets and sidewalks and limits the ability for east-west travel by any mode across it. Similarly one-way frontage roads, without a complete system of cross-over and turn-around bridges, has resulted in limited access for economically disadvantaged residents to services on the frontage road. Converting the outer roadways to allow two way traffic again will correct the negative impacts that were forced upon a previously thriving City.
G9. Origin and ending
  Length (Miles):
East 135th Street
155th Street
G10. Functional Classification: Interstate
G11. In Transportation Outlook 2040? Yes   Decade:   2010
G12. Muli-Agency Plan? Yes
The funding and completion of this project is a joint effort of MoDOT and the City of Grandview. MoDOT has designated $4.5 million of cost share funds toward the project not counting funds spent on survey, design, and environmental compliance. Upon completion of the project, the City will assume ownership of the outer roadways. The City has included this project in the CIP. The additional funds sought for this project will ensure that it is fully federally funded and the financial outlay to the citizens of Grandview, an environmental justice community, will be minimized. This project is on Transportation Outlook 2040 as Project #787: I-49/US 71 Outer Roads from Blue Ridge Boulevard to MO 150.
G13. Included in a CIP? Yes
MoDOT cost share funds of $4.5 million are allocated to this project. The Citys match will be funded with City Capital Improvement, Transportation Sales Tax and General Funds. The Citys match is programmed in the Citys CIP.
G14. Planning stage: Preliminary Plan
G15. Reviewed by state DOT? Yes
G16. Right-of-Way acquisition: Not started
G17. ROW by local public agency process manual? Yes
G18. Other unique local goals and objectives? Yes
The conversion of the I-49 outer roadways to two way traffic has been the number one transportation priority for the City of Grandview since they were originally converted to one way traffic in 1981. The City experienced an immediate economic decline following the one way traffic conversion that continues to today. In 1980 there were no environmental justice tracts in the City of Grandview. Today the City of Grandview is a 100% environmental justice tract community. The outer roadway access and traffic flow restrictions that were imposed upon the City in the early 1980s, is believe to be the most significant factor leading to the Citys economic decline. The limitations of access to businesses and services on the outer roadways themselves and corresponding impacts to residential streets caused by the one way traffic restriction has devastated this once thriving community.
G19. Transportation Disadvantaged Population: Today, the City of Grandview has significant problems regarding health, welfare, and the environment, as evidenced by the City’s Environmental Justice (EJ) status. According to an EJ study by the Mid-America Regional Council (MARC), based on 2010 census data for cities over 20,000 in the greater KC metro area, the City’s five census tracts (100 percent) are all EJ areas. Grandview is the only city within the greater KC metro area with this distinction. In comparison, 74 percent of tracts in the City of Kansas City, Kansas and 68 percent of tracts in Kansas City, Missouri, are EJ areas. Within the nearby communities of Raytown and Belton, Missouri, census tracts are 50 percent and 25 percent EJ areas, respectively. The completion of this project, will enhance the transportation opportunities of local residents, and make the entire street network much safer for all users. According to recent US Census data nearly 47% of households in Grandview have access from one to zero automobiles. The project improvements of adding sidewalks and curb ramps to the outer roadway and the new roadways and reduced speeds will better accommodate a population dependent on non-motorized transportation.
G20. Relevant Public Engagement: Two Public meetings for this project have been held and at least one more will be scheduled. A meeting on June 2, 2016 described the overall project improvements and another on May 31, 2017 showed the right of way impacts of phase 1 improvements. Meeting notices were mailed to residents and business along the I-49 corridor and to residents of impacted residential streets. Project information was posted in City hall and the Community Center. The Citys website includes a page designated to providing project drawings, illustrations, and general information and also allowed public comment. The City sent out Facebook and Twitter notices regarding the meeting. Meeting notices were advertised in the Jackson County Advocate for both meetings more than two weeks prior. All meetings were held in ADA accessible buildings and a means to request specific accommodations were provided.
G21. Planned Public Engagement: The City will continue to mail residents directly with notices of public meetings, will place posters and flyers in City Hall available for pick up, will advertise meetings on social media, and will post meeting notices on our website and in the local community paper. The City will also maintain a webpage informing the public on the projects planned improvements and construction activities. All advertisements and public information posted will include the ability to request special accommodations to disadvantaged residents.
G22. Sustainable Places Criteria: Access to Healthy Foods---Active Transportation/Living---Age in Place---Compact, Walkable Centers--- Complete Street Design---Connected Street Network---Context Appropriate Streets------- Energy Efficient Buildings & Sites---Green Infrastructure-------Integrated Trail System--- Mixed-Density Neighborhoods---Natural Resources Protection---Optimize Parking---Pedestrian-Oriented Public Realm--- Renewable Energy---Repair Strip Corridors---Retail/Rooftop Relationships---Strong Suburban Downtown--- Transit-Ready Corridors---Tree PreservationUnique Community Characteristics
G22.1. Describe CSP relationship: Two way outer roadway traffic, 2.5 miles of new pedestrian accommodations, and enhancement for other transportation modes including Complete Street Design will allow better access to Healthy Foods, enhanced Active Transportation/Living, provide Age in Place benefits, and allow an Integrated Trail System to other trail networks and Walkable Centers for a disadvantaged community living in long life communities with large populations that do not drive. The resulting Connected Street Network will reduce emergency response times and VMT, promote Context Appropriate Streets, enhance Green Infrastructure and Tree preservation by reduced traffic on residential streets, landscaping and tree planting efforts, and enclosed storm systems. Project improvements will result in an improved Community Characteristic, build strong Retail/Rooftop relationships, enhance and strengthen the Citys Suburban Downtown, enhance the conservation of energy,and revitalize and Repair Strip Corridors.
G23. Implements Sustainable Places Initiatives? Yes
The I-49 outer roadway conversion project was included in a 2013 Planning Sustainable Places study. The PSP study recommended the creation of a long-term vision for the Citys 4.5 mile stretch of I-49, by developing land use and transportation strategies that support the redevelopment of existing auto-oriented, strip commercial development into walkable, livable, interconnected centers. Strategies to improve transportation flow included providing options for bicycle and pedestrians and creating a better connected and user friendly frontage road system. This project will address the PSP study goals and fulfill its vision by building sidewalk and pedestrian improvements, accommodating cyclists, and allowing for a two way multi-user outer roadway system.
G24. Serves Regional Activity Center? Yes
Highest-Intensity and Most-Walkable Centers This project adds 2.5 miles of bicycle pedestrian improvements to enable transportation disadvantaged residents to access goods and services along the outer roadways and main east/west corridors. It also facilitates access to and connectivity of government, school and community gathering places such as City Hall, Mid Continent Library, Grandview High School, Middle School and elementary schools, the Community Center, and to cultural centers such as Truman Farm Home and City Parks.
G25. Environmental justice tracts? Yes
Conversion from one to two way outer roadways with new pedestrian amenities, enclosed storm drainage, and related improvements will provide improved access to an economically disadvantaged community that is highly dependent upon non-motorized transportation. Interconnectivity of the City’s bicycle/pedestrian facilities to cultural amenities, business opportunities, and schools will help the City’s population succeed. The existing frontage roadway system’s lack of pedestrian amenities and bridges across the interstate create a barrier to walkers and cyclists. The frontage road conversion will enhance other transportation modes and allow Grandview to become a truly walkable community. The current one-way operation that puts many businesses in the project area at a disadvantage compared to others in the region will be corrected. Better access to businesses along the outer roadway will spur economic recovery.
G26. Reduces greenhouse gas emissions? Yes
Improved mobility, access management, signal timing and reducing indirect travel with the roadway reconfiguration will result in fewer miles traveled to reach a destination. Improved traffic flow will improve air quality and reduce noise levels. Reducing vehicle miles travelled and allowing slower shorter length trips from I-49, will reduce air emissions overall including ozone. Optimizing signal timing will reduce delay and idle time. Additional options to encourage non-motorized transportation will also reduce vehicle miles traveled and emissions.
G27. Natural Resource information: Incorporating green space near the outer roadways will increase community pride and stability, as well as improve the health of residents who recreate and live adjacent to the corridor. Green space improvements will follow the City’s Complete Streets policy as well as the MetroGreen Action Plan. Improvements in the conversion projects include the addition of trees to help soften the corridor and may help reduce noise to residents from I-49 traffic. Improvements to roadway storm drainage will improve the aesthetics of the corridor, water quality, and the overall living conditions for residents and businesses adjacent to the corridor.
G28. Community Links at Watershaed Scale: There is not adequate storm system infrastructure, green spaces incorporated, or tree planting/preservation encouraged along the outer roadways. The existing storm infrastructure is not sufficiently designed to handle storm water and is susceptible to erosion. There are a series of unattractive open ditches that straddle the right-of-way and disconnected piped sections. The open ditches are steep, unsightly, are difficult to maintain, and the slopes do not meet current roadside design guidelines. The few existing disconnected closed drainage system sections do not adequately handle the roadway runoff. This project will build a properly sized enclosed storm drainage system that will improve water quality and reduce erosion. Green spaces will be designed into the roadway improvements that will be incorporated into the storm system, resulting in a more attractive environment. Trees will be planted to improve air quality, reduce noise, and aesthetically enhance the corridor.

G29. Explain local land use or comprehensive plans: The I-49 outer roadway conversion project was studied in 2013 as a Planning Sustainable places project. The conversion of the outer roadways to two way traffic supports the goals and vision of the PSP study. MoDOT has completed a Categorical Exclusion 2 document that analyzes the environmental impacts and assures the overall environmental benefit from the corridor conversion.
G30.1 Complies with MARC’s CSP? Yes
G30.2 Exception to the MARC CSP? No The design standards that will be used for this project will be APWA(City R/W)and MoDOT(MoDOT R/W)standard drawings and specifications. The project achieves all 10 Complete streets transportation goals of climate change and energy use; economic vitality; environment; equity; place making; public health; safety and security; system condition; and system performance. Green infrastructure will be enhanced through properly designed storm systems, best management practices, and tree and landscaping improvements.
Traveler Type (All Ages & Abilities)
Mobility Aids:       
Transit Riders: Not Accommodated   Exception 1  Exception 2  Exception 3
No transit service in Grandview within project limits
Buses: Not Accommodated   Exception 1  Exception 2  Exception 3
No bus service in Grandview within project limits. Would benefit future bus services.
Green Streets:       

Project Financial Information

STP Federal amount: 2700  (Thousands of $)
STP Match amount: 675  (Thousands of $)
STP Year requested: --Select--
Source of Local Match: Transportation Sales Tax, Capital Improvement Sales Tax, and General Funds.
Explain: See Citys CIP
Scope Change: Project is phased. Phase 1 funded and right of way plans approved. Right of way acquisition for phase 1 in progress. Phase 2 and Phase 3 are partially funded with MoDOT federal cost share (50%) and City (local match) funds. Environmental clearance for the corridor and FHWA approval of the AJR is complete. The funds requested will maximize the federal funds allowed for the project.
Cost Breakdown:
Highway: 50  %
Transit:   %
Bike: 5  %
Pedestrian: 10  %
Other: 35  %

Supporting Documents

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Submitted comments

Dennis A. Randolph, P.E. said...

For nearly 40-years, the City of Grandview, its citizens, and businesses have suffered from the change of operation of the US-71/I-49 frontage roads to one-way. While the one-way operation was implemented, its implementation was left incomplete without the cross-overs, sidewalks and other facilities to make such a system work in an urban environment. As a result Grandviews stopped growing and its sales taxes also stopped growing. It is time that this injustice be corrected and it should be corrected before other projects that benefit future economic growth in other cities, or correct problems that have existed for far fewer than 38-years Grandview has suffered. specifically we want to note that: • The frontage roads were converted to one way operation in 1980. Since that time, Grandview’s population has “flat-lined” at about 24,000 people, while our suburban neighboring communities (Belton, Raymore, Lee’s Summit) have all grown significantly. • Similarly, the City’s sales tax revenue used to support city services has also flat-lined, meaning that the City has funding today with the same buying power today as it did 38-years ago. • Over 60 business have left the City since the conversion, meaning that it has been increasingly difficult for our citizens to have the basic needs and services that they deserve. For many items our citizens must go to neighboring communities to get these services. • Over the past 38-years the highway department turned US-71 into an Interstate without any reasonable provisions for our citizens to walk (or even drive) from one side to the other without taking long, out-of-the-way routes, wasting their time and money. • Our project is intended to address a nearly 40-Year-Old problem, while many of the projects submitted by other communities are for much newer problems, or to help other communities with future growth, we do not think it is fair or appropriate that a 40-Year-Old problem be ignored any longer, to the benefit of solving much newer problems or promoting growth in other communities to Grandview’s further detriment. • Our project will include sidewalks along the frontage roads so that our citizens can walk safely along (but not in) the frontage roads, something that has never been possible. Over the past several years the City has worked for and contributed for new sidewalks across I-49, this project will finish this work and tie all our pedestrian and non-motorized facilities together. Again, the one-way frontage roads have burdened Grandview and its Citizens and Businesses for nearly 40-years, crippling it to a significant extent, while our neighbors have benefitted from the almost continuous upgrading of I-49 that now carries nearly 100,000 vehicles a day through our city without stopping. It is time that this problem be taken care of and eliminated.

4/9/2018 11:16:57 AM

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